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Jackson, 1855

Jackson, circa 1862

Jackson, 1863

Jackson, circa 1863

Lieut. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson and His Family, engraving 1866



Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (1824–1863)

At the First Battle of Manassas in July 1861, the unrelenting vigor with which Confederate General Thomas Jonathan Jackson held his position inspired a general nearby to rally his troops with the cry, “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall.” From that moment on, Jackson became “Stonewall,” a name that he repeatedly lived up to, fighting under the command of General Robert E. Lee.

The deeply religious Jackson believed intensely in the righteousness of the Southern cause, and a key to his success was his ability to instill in his men his own fighting fervor. One of his most brilliant victories came at Chancellorsville in the spring of 1863, where his flanking maneuvers sent the Union troops into a rout. Tragically for Jackson and the South, this would prove to be his last battle. Jackson died of wounds accidentally inflicted by his own men. On hearing of his death, Lee lamented, “I know not how to replace him.”

J. W. King (lifedates unknown)
Oil on canvas, 1864
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Given in memory of Lieselotte Richardson


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